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  • Saturday, November 11, 2006

    Chinese-English Food Dictionary

    Over the past few weeks, I've been interested in the Chinese words for various fruits, vegetables, meats, grains and other food related items. I'll add to the list as time goes on. Please give me any corrections or additions. Thanks.

    báicái -- Chinese cabbage

    bǎnlì -- Chinese chestnut
    bo -- turnip
    càihuā -- cauliflower ...........
    chá -- tea
    Chengdu xiǎochī -- Chengdu snacks
    dàmǐ -- raw rice
    dàngāo -- cake
    dōngguā -- wax (or white) melon (or goard)
    dòufu -- tofu/bean curd
    dòuyá -- bean sprouts
    dòuzi -- bean/pea
    gālí -- curry

    gīngdòu -- green beans
    guā -- melon/claw/gourd/squash
    guōjiǔ -- cider
    guōkui -- large round baked wheat cake
    guǒjiàng -- jam
    hēiméi -- blackberry
    hóngchá -- black tea

    huāchá -- Jasmine tea
    huājiāo -- Chinese prickly ash
    huángguā -- cucumber
    huángyóu -- butter
    húluóbo -- carrot
    jī -- chicken (the bird)
    jiāng -- ginger ......................
    jīdàn -- egg
    jīròu -- chicken (the meat)
    juǎnxīncài -- cabbage
    júzi -- orange/tangerine
    kāfēi -- coffee
    lí -- pear
    lǜchá -- green tea
    mántou -- steamed bun/steamed roll/steamed bread
    miànbāo -- bread
    mǐfàn -- cooked rice
    muěr -- edible tree fungus
    nǎilào -- cheese
    nǎiyóu -- cream
    nánquā -- pumpkin
    niǔnǎi dànhú -- custard
    niúròu -- beef
    ǒu -- lotus root
    piělán -- kohlrabi - the plant and its edible bulb like stem
    píngguǒ -- apple
    qiǎokèli -- chocolate
    qín -- Chinese celery
    qíncài -- celery
    shāguǒ -- crabapple
    shūcài -- vegetable
    shuǐguǒ -- fruit
    shūguǒ -- vegetables & fruits
    tāng -- soup
    táo -- peach
    tiándiǎn -- dessert
    tùzi -- rabbit
    wōsǔn or qīngsǔn -- asparagus lettuce
    xiāngbīnjiǔ -- champagne
    xiāngguā -- muskmelon/different varieties of sweet melon
    xiāngjiāo -- banana
    xiǎochī -- snack
    xīguā -- watermelon
    xùnròu -- bacon
    yāzi -- duck
    yēzi -- coconut
    yíkuài bǐnggān -- a cookie
    yīngtáo -- cherry
    yìzhī -- chicken
    yòuzi
    -- large citrus fruit related to the grapefruit
    but sweeter and more fragrant
    zhūròu -- pork